The Role of Art in the Patient Experience: An Evaluation of Art from the Heart at UVM Medical Center
Doug Chieffe, Steven Coffin, Sarah King, Syed Shehab, Catherine Suppan, Gwen Warren, Rebecca Wieland, Rebecca Schwarz, and Mark Pasanen
Introduction: The World Health Organization defines health as a state of total physical, mental and social well-being, not just the absence of disease or fragility. Making art in medical settings reduces pain, tiredness, emotional distress and other feelings that negatively affect well-being, while enhancing positive emotions and communication. According to the 2009 “State of the Field Report” by the Society for the Arts in Healthcare, 43-45% of healthcare institutions reported having some form of an art program. Art from the Heart (AFTH) is a program of Burlington City Arts in collaboration with the University of Vermont Medical Center. With the aid of volunteers, AFTH offers pediatric patients and their families the opportunity for a more normalized experience by providing them with time and materials to experience the joys of creativity and imagination. Waiting areas, in-patient hospital rooms, exam rooms and chemotherapy infusion bays become temporary art studios. The purpose of our public health project was to evaluate the presence and impact of AFTH in three pediatric points of care at UVM Medical Center.
Elizabeth Cochrane, Nazey Gulec, Dylan Hershkowitz, Mary Ledoux, Dale Lee, Mohammad Mertaban, Carl Nunziato, Elena Siani, Bonnie Campono, and Jeanne Hutchins
•Bhutanese refugees have been living in Vermont since 2008. They constitute a vulnerable population due to lack of language skills, increased health care requirements and lack of access to transportation.
The Champlain Senior Center (CSC) provides services and a community space for Bhutanese refugee elders (older than 55 years).
We aimed to determine the necessity for the CSC in the elders’ wellbeing and to demonstrate that services are crucial to ensure this New American elderly population’s needs are being met.
Joshua Cohen, Reid Feller, Olivia Harris, Lohrasb Sayadi, Margaret Seybolt, Alejandro Velez, Amy Yu, Daty Davis, Naomi Fukagawa, and Jane Kolodinsky
This study investigated Vermont physicians’ awareness of - and engagement in – addressing food insecurity experienced by their elderly patients. This information is needed to better understand the role physicians play in solving this problem and to know how education and access to services could ensure that the needs of elders are met in a culturally sensitive manner.
Many elders must choose between paying bills, buying medication or buying food. Some elders are unaware that they qualify for food assistance, or would feel stigmatized using it.
Nationally, 56% of physicians reported that they were not knowledgeable about food insecurity.
Food insecurity can be screened for by using Hunger Free Vermont’s Two Question Screen.
Screening, followed by a multidisciplinary team approach with contributions from dietitians, geriatricians, social workers and psychologists may be the most effective way of assessing at-risk patients.
Kathryn Colelli, Alyssa Correll, Shannon Li, Jameson Loyal, Ryan Sofka, Jordan Taylor, Andrew Tranmer, Chris Frenette, and Mark Fung
Introduction: There is a need for a constant supply of blood and blood products (e.g. plasma and platelets) in the American health care system. Common recipients of blood include: patients at risk for major hemorrhage, patients with sickle cell anemia, patients undergoing surgery, and thrombocytopenia in neonatal patients. This demand is met through nationwide blood banks, such as the American Red Cross, and their blood donation programs. The American Red Cross relies solely on volunteer donors; thus, one of the most pressing issues facing this institution is getting donors in the door. Through our survey questions we hope to uncover more factors that guide individuals in their philanthropic ways. The overall goal of this research is focused on unveiling new information that will supply the American Red Cross with valuable insight into their donor population and possible opportunities for joint publicity. We investigated the similarities and difference between how and why individuals undertake certain charitable activities.
Dylan Devlin, Michael Grant, Trishul Kapoor, Marie Lemay, Sarah Manning, Meredith Sooy, Chris Finley, and Jan Carney
Mandatory immunization for school age children in the 20th Century led to a substantial decline in infectious disease.
All US states allow medical exemptions from immunizations with 49 permitting additional religious exemptions and 19 permitting additional philosophical exemptions.
Vaccine exemptions have lead to an increase in the incidence of disease outbreaks.
Healthcare providers play a critical role in educating parents about the benefits and risks of immunizations.
This project compares student attitudes and knowledge regarding vaccination at medical schools in two distinct states: one with no additional exemptions (West Virginia) and one with both additional exemptions (Vermont).
Jia Xin Huang, Michael Hudson, Johanna A. Kelley, Billy Kien, Christopher R. Mayhew, Kiyon Naser-Tavakolian, Jamie Elyse Richter, Alexander W. Thomas, Kelly McLemore, and Judith Christensen
Last year, Chittenden Emergency Food Shelf provided 1,260,517 pounds of food to over 11,000 people each month via groceries, hot meals and home delivery, supplying an average of almost 40% of food for families.
CEFS seeks to improve their services and offerings by better understanding the demographics, food preference, and needs of the clients they serve.
Our goal was to collect demographic and utilization data to identify areas where CEFS could enhance services and improve client access to healthful food.
Alyssa Kwok, Danielle Leahy, John McLaren, Christopher Meserve, Joseph Miller, Sierra Trejos, Jacqueline Wade, Mike Frisbie, Chris Langevin, and Stephen Contompasis
People with intellectual disability (ID) have higher rates of obesity.
Special Olympics Vermont (SOVT) athletes compete in sports events throughout the year.
Athletes may lose fitness between seasons.
Their nutrition habits remain unknown. •Barriers to exercise and nutrition remain unknown.
We were tasked with designing a successful exercise and nutrition program for SOVT athletes.
Jenna Bateman, Bryce Edwards, Katherine Evans, James Levins, Amanda O’Meara, Merima Ruhotina, Richard Smith, Razelle Hoffman-Contois, Heidi Hales, and Linda Boccuzzo
Introduction. Exposure to ionizing radiation has potential for acute and chronic health effects. Within the general public, there is discrepancy between perceived and actual health risks. It is vital to assess existing knowledge and perceptions about ionizing radiation among Vermonters.
Sabrina Bedell, Madeline Eells, Tara Higgins, Suleiman Ismael, John Nesbitt, Colette Oesterle, Nicholas Sinclair, Liz Shayne, and Eileen CichoskiKelley
Introduction. Multiple public health agencies stress the importance of school health education, including family, social and sexual health. The Schoolhouse Learning Center, a private elementary school with grades K-5, wishes to implement a social health curriculum guided by the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS).
Samantha Boyd, Benjamin Farahnik, Anja Jokela, Emily Keller, Russell Landry, Mikaela Lee, Alice Stoddart, Christopher Ting, Rebecca Ryan, and David Kaminsky
Introduction. Asthma is a chronic obstructive lung disease that causes wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath, and is a cause of school absenteeism. School nurses play an integral role in asthma care for elementary-aged children.
Adam Burgess, Nicholas Field, Douglas Handley, Laura Lazzarini, Dilasha Mahat, Daryl Selen, Raj Thakrar, Sarah Adams-Kollitz, and Janice Gallant
Introduction. Previous studies have demonstrated a link between food insecurity and childhood behavioral problems, particularly internal problems such as anxiety and depression. Burlington Children’s Space (BCS), a local preschool and daycare in Burlington, VT, has created a healthy and nutritious meal program for their children, many of whom cannot afford enough to eat well at home.
An Evaluation of Food Insecurity & Health Behavior among Rural Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) Participants
Michael Capata, Ian Crane, Taylor Goller, Angie Li, Erin McElroy, Noah Quinlan, Deborah Shamsian, Thomas Delaney, and Jill Jemison
Introduction. Access to healthy foods is a major barrier for individuals achieving a healthy diet. The literature reveals several investigations into causes of food insecurity, but few focus on Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) programs that attempt to address food insecurity and related health behaviors of participants.
Alejandro Castro, Leah Fox, Emily Hadley Strout, Pishoy Haroun, Blake Leavitt, Cordelia Ross, Mutlay Sayan, Alyson Platzer, and Jeanne Hutchins
Introduction. Elderly age often means a progressive loss of independence and mobility. Research has shown that this lack of mobility has a detrimental effect on health and well-being. It is estimated that 25% of Vermonters will be ?65 years by 2030. Thus, the rapid rise in the elderly population will translate into a greater need for reliable transportation. We sought to explore if and how lack of transportation compromised areas of seniors’ daily lives.
Katia Chavez, Heather Gardiner, Shane Greene, Nicolas Monte, Dwight Parker, Shravan Rao, Reiko Sakai, Kristin Fontaine, and Wendy Davis
Introduction. In Vermont, $2.7 million is spent annually caring for children ages 0-5 with early childhood caries (ECC) who require hospitalization for treatment. Nationwide, obstetricians are often not familiar with published prenatal oral health guidelines. It is unclear how providers in Vermont address prenatal oral health. Recently, the $495 Medicaid cap on reimbursement for perinatal dental care was lifted and now extends coverage 60 days after delivery, making the prenatal period an ideal time to intervene.
Yun-Yun Kathy Chen, Gia Fraher, Megan Wetzel, Ilsley Colton, Herman Kalsi, Weiss Surkhabi, Flang Nguyen, Kate Nugent, and Burton Wilcke
Introduction. This study collaborated with the Winooski Coalition for a Safe and Peaceful Community (WCSPC) in order to identify underlying risk factors for initiating drug use in adolescents, ages 13-18 in Winooski, Vermont by implementing focus groups with community stakeholders and agencies.
Priyanka Chilakamarri, Gurpinder Gill, Karl Kristiansen, Benjamin Rayikanti, Michael Sun, Whitney Thomas, Mark Pasanen, Julia Paridiso, and Aurora Lenz
Introduction. Many homeless individuals spend a large portion of their days standing or walking, placing particular importance on lower extremity health in this population. However, few studies have been performed to investigate the podiatric needs of this group.
Brandon Childs, Gary Gilmond, Hannah Lowe, Benjamin Jorgensen, Angelina Palombo, Chris Frenette, and Mark Fung
Introduction. Investigating motivational factors for blood donation is invaluable to understanding how to increase blood availability. Our study evaluates the perceived effect of competition as an intrinsic motivator for blood donation.
Alex Coffman, Grant Goodrich, Matthew Jordan, Erica Marden, Xiaofan Pan, Cornelia Willis, Emily Xue, Martha Richardson, and William Pendlebury
Introduction. The number of individuals living with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in the United States is growing annually; only 40% are properly diagnosed. Primary care providers should identify individuals with cognitive impairment and provide options for care; early diagnosis of dementia and AD helps patients and families plan for the future, increases quality of life, and allows for treatment options.
Betsy Davis, Jan Carney, Sean Bullis, Sarah Fieber, Chang-Wei Huang, Elizabeth May, Caitlin McFarland, Jacob Reynolds, and Katelyn Shea
Introduction. Our project studied the effectiveness of health care coordinators in a program known as Support and Services at Home (SASH). SASH has been designed to fill the needs of independent, home-bound elders who still need regular access to healthcare.
Angela Doswell, Laura Griesinger, David Hermel, Bharath Krishnamurthy, Josephine Stout, Daniel Stratz, Phildrich Teh, Elizabeth Valitchka, Jennifer Fink, and Cate Nicholas
Introduction. Over 20% of low-income, Head Start eligible children are not up to date on regular healthcare exams. While many barriers exist in ensuring universal access and compliance with standard healthcare visits for young children, we sought to educate children about physician’s practices in order to engage and integrate their involvement and understanding of their well-being.
Benjamin Earle, Sarah Johnson, Nishan Bingham, Sarah Rosner, Maya Son, Edith Klimoski, Courtney Schaad, and Andrea Green
Introduction. Human trafficking affects victims’ physical and psychological health. This study aimed to identify the barriers to access, disclosure, and identification in a healthcare setting for potential trafficked youth in Vermont.
Jeanne Gosselin, Jennifer Hanson, Sonam Kapadia, Matthew Lin, Brenton Nash, Luke Neill, and Christine Tran
Introduction. The ACA Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program recently cut reimbursement for 30 day readmissions. Risk-adjusted congestive heart failure (CHF) 30-day readmission rate at Fletcher Allen Health Care (FAHC) in 2012 approached 22.2% among Medicare patients.
Kelsey Preston, Daniel Haddad, William Thompson, Sarah Ebert, Kevin Saiki, Leslie Wenning, Stephen Balise, Janel Martir, Peter Jacobsen, and Jerry Larrabee
Introduction. Estimates show that 20% of HIV-positive individuals are unaware of their serostatus, in part due to limited access to testing services. Challenges of HIV testing within communities may be overcome by providing non-traditional avenues for testing and counseling, such as mobile HIV testing units. Such services have demonstrated success in increasing awareness of personal HIV status, and facilitating diagnosis and treatment.
Elizabeth Abernathey, Meredith Bryden, Kristin Carr, W. Christian Crannell, Colin King, Andrew Nobe, Michelle VanHorne, Stephen Contompasis, and Jenny Kounta
Introduction. The Sara Holbrook Community Center (SHCC) offers an after school program for 36 elementary students from the diverse North End neighborhood of Burlington. In recent years, disrespectful behavior and bullying have become a growing problem in the program. Through administering a needs assessment to the staff at Sara Holbrook, we examined the strengths and challenges facing the program and devised potential recommendations to address staff-identified issues.
Raymond A. Addante, Patrick M. Benson, Liqun Chen, Jenna Ford, Jessica Louie, Kenneth S. Mensch, Dijana Poljak, Kathryn Schlosser, Pam Farnham, and Alexandra Jasinowski
Introduction. The benefit of exercise in adults has been well established. Research has demonstrated improved cardiovascular health, decreased bone fractures, and increased mental capacity. While the benefits of exercise has clearly been demonstrated, personal barriers to exercise are yet to be fully elucidated. Thus, in collaboration with the YMCA, this study aimed to clarify barriers to exercise in 50-65 year-old adults.