Date of Award

2015

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Mathematics

First Advisor

Chris Danforth

Second Advisor

Lesley-Ann Dupigny-Giroux

Abstract

Classically, we look at annual maximum precipitation series from the perspective of extreme value statistics, which provides a useful statistical distribution, but does not allow much flexibility in the context of climate change. Such distributions are usually assumed to be static, or else require some assumed information about possible trends within the data. For this study, we treat the maximum rainfall series as sums of underlying signals, upon which we perform a decomposition technique, Empirical Mode Decomposition. This not only allows the study of non-linear trends in the data, but could give us some idea of the periodic forces that have an effect on our series.

To this end, data was taken from stations in the New England area, from different climatological regions, with the hopes of seeing temporal and spacial effects of climate change. Although results vary among the chosen stations the results show some weak signals and in many cases a trend-like residual function is determined.

Language

en

Number of Pages

33 p.