Date of Award

2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Christian Skalka

Second Advisor

Jeff Frolik

Abstract

In some wireless sensor network applications, multiple sensors can be used to measure the same variable, while differing in their sampling cost, for example in their power requirements. This raises the problem of automatically controlling heterogeneous sensor suites in wireless sensor network applications, in a manner that balances cost and accuracy of sensors. Genetic programming (GP) is applied to this problem, considering two basic approaches. First, a hierarchy of models is constructed, where increasing levels in the hierarchy use sensors of increasing cost. If a model that polls low cost sensors exhibits too much prediction uncertainty, the burden of prediction is automatically transferred to a higher level model using more expensive sensors. Second, models are trained with cost as an optimization objective, called non-hierarchical models, that use conditionals to automatically select sensors based on both cost and accuracy. These approaches are compared in a setting where the available budget for sampling is considered to remain constant, and in a setting where the system is sensitive to a fluctuating budget, for example available battery power. It is showed that in both settings, for increasingly challenging datasets, hierarchical models makes predictions with equivalent accuracy yet lower cost than non-hierarchical models.

Language

en

Number of Pages

59 p.