Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Sarah E. Abrams
Symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) is an increasing phenomenon as more adults live longer. The gold standard for treating AS is surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Frequently, as older individuals with AS often have multiple comorbidities, a SAVR is determined to be too high risk. Therefore, a less invasive treatment option is available, namely a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Such biomedical procedures have encouraged life extension and the decision to intervene commonplace with the aging population. Without an intervention, significant debilitating symptoms affect a person's quality of life (QoL). Multiple quantitative studies evaluating QoL before and after a TAVI have been performed. However QoL has multiple attributes and is not a single construct. By limiting practice to these defined QoL measures, we exclude the human experience and what values individuals describe as important to them. The dilemma in the present medical model is influenced by two paradigms, evidence based medicine and patient centered medicine.
Some people opt not to have a TAVI. This study aims to understand what it is like living with aortic stenosis as perceived by the participant and to gain a more meaningful understanding of why some individuals with AS choose not to have this procedure performed. Using a convenience sample of patients who declined a TAVI, a telephone interview with the person focused on their perceived QoL and the implications determining not to pursue a TAVI. In this qualitative phenomenological design, open-ended questions included: 1) What is it like to live with Aortic Stenosis. 2) Why did you choose not to have the TAVI? Interviews will explore emerging themes. Advanced practice nurses are in ideal positions for performing research to gain greater insight on the complexity of people's health choices. As the incidence of AS occurs more frequently in the increasing aged population, TAVI offers a treatment option for those patients who are symptomatic with AS and are not surgical candidates. However, health care providers should focus on the illness, not the disease, and explore the patients' biopsychosocial values with their medical needs. The information gathered in this study will help guide heath care providers with offering holistic health care incorporating both paradigms of evidence based practice and patient centered medicine options on treatment for people with symptomatic AS.
Number of Pages
Hagen-Peter, Gayle Ann, "Living with Aortic Stenosis: A Phenomenological Study of Patients' Experiences and Subsequent Health Choices" (2015). Graduate College Dissertations and Theses. 516.