First identified in Uganda in 1947, the Zika virus simmered quietly for sixty years, occasionally causing a mild dengue-like illness across parts of central Africa and equatorial Asia. However, since 2007, three large outbreaks have occurred: first in Micronesia, then in French Polynesia in 2013-2014, and as an epidemic involving Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America in 2015-2016. This paper reviews the virology of the Zika virus, its modes of transmission, symptoms of Zika Virus Disease, the association of Zika infections with microcephaly and Guillain-Barre Syndrome, prevention of Zika infections, and ongoing efforts to develop a vaccine.
Zika virus, arbovirus, microcephaly, Aedes aegypti, Guillain-Barre
Taylor & Francis
Delwiche FA. Reviews of Science for Science Librarians: The Challenge of the Zika Virus: An Emerging Arbovirus Disease. Science & Technology Libraries. 2016. DOI:10.1080/0194262X.2016.1192007