The electricity industry is rapidly changing: costs are increasingly dominated by capital and technology is turning loads into resources. This is similar to the early days of the Internet. Building on rate-structures used in the communications industry, utilities of the future should offer customers a portfolio of service contract options that provide a signal to the utility regarding the type and amount of infrastructure that should be deployed.
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Lo H, Blumsack S, Hines P, Meyn S. Electricity rates for the zero marginal cost grid. The Electricity Journal. 2019 Apr 1;32(3):39-43.