Jenna Bateman, Bryce Edwards, Katherine Evans, James Levins, Amanda O’Meara, Merima Ruhotina, Richard Smith, Razelle Hoffman-Contois, Heidi Hales, and Linda Boccuzzo
Introduction. Exposure to ionizing radiation has potential for acute and chronic health effects. Within the general public, there is discrepancy between perceived and actual health risks. It is vital to assess existing knowledge and perceptions about ionizing radiation among Vermonters.
Sabrina Bedell, Madeline Eells, Tara Higgins, Suleiman Ismael, John Nesbitt, Colette Oesterle, Nicholas Sinclair, Liz Shayne, and Eileen CichoskiKelley
Introduction. Multiple public health agencies stress the importance of school health education, including family, social and sexual health. The Schoolhouse Learning Center, a private elementary school with grades K-5, wishes to implement a social health curriculum guided by the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS).
Samantha Boyd, Benjamin Farahnik, Anja Jokela, Emily Keller, Russell Landry, Mikaela Lee, Alice Stoddart, Christopher Ting, Rebecca Ryan, and David Kaminsky
Introduction. Asthma is a chronic obstructive lung disease that causes wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath, and is a cause of school absenteeism. School nurses play an integral role in asthma care for elementary-aged children.
Adam Burgess, Nicholas Field, Douglas Handley, Laura Lazzarini, Dilasha Mahat, Daryl Selen, Raj Thakrar, Sarah Adams-Kollitz, and Janice Gallant
Introduction. Previous studies have demonstrated a link between food insecurity and childhood behavioral problems, particularly internal problems such as anxiety and depression. Burlington Children’s Space (BCS), a local preschool and daycare in Burlington, VT, has created a healthy and nutritious meal program for their children, many of whom cannot afford enough to eat well at home.
An Evaluation of Food Insecurity & Health Behavior among Rural Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) Participants
Michael Capata, Ian Crane, Taylor Goller, Angie Li, Erin McElroy, Noah Quinlan, Deborah Shamsian, Thomas Delaney, and Jill Jemison
Introduction. Access to healthy foods is a major barrier for individuals achieving a healthy diet. The literature reveals several investigations into causes of food insecurity, but few focus on Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) programs that attempt to address food insecurity and related health behaviors of participants.
Alejandro Castro, Leah Fox, Emily Hadley Strout, Pishoy Haroun, Blake Leavitt, Cordelia Ross, Mutlay Sayan, Alyson Platzer, and Jeanne Hutchins
Introduction. Elderly age often means a progressive loss of independence and mobility. Research has shown that this lack of mobility has a detrimental effect on health and well-being. It is estimated that 25% of Vermonters will be ?65 years by 2030. Thus, the rapid rise in the elderly population will translate into a greater need for reliable transportation. We sought to explore if and how lack of transportation compromised areas of seniors’ daily lives.
Katia Chavez, Heather Gardiner, Shane Greene, Nicolas Monte, Dwight Parker, Shravan Rao, Reiko Sakai, Kristin Fontaine, and Wendy Davis
Introduction. In Vermont, $2.7 million is spent annually caring for children ages 0-5 with early childhood caries (ECC) who require hospitalization for treatment. Nationwide, obstetricians are often not familiar with published prenatal oral health guidelines. It is unclear how providers in Vermont address prenatal oral health. Recently, the $495 Medicaid cap on reimbursement for perinatal dental care was lifted and now extends coverage 60 days after delivery, making the prenatal period an ideal time to intervene.
Yun-Yun Kathy Chen, Gia Fraher, Megan Wetzel, Ilsley Colton, Herman Kalsi, Weiss Surkhabi, Flang Nguyen, Kate Nugent, and Burton Wilcke
Introduction. This study collaborated with the Winooski Coalition for a Safe and Peaceful Community (WCSPC) in order to identify underlying risk factors for initiating drug use in adolescents, ages 13-18 in Winooski, Vermont by implementing focus groups with community stakeholders and agencies.
Priyanka Chilakamarri, Gurpinder Gill, Karl Kristiansen, Benjamin Rayikanti, Michael Sun, Whitney Thomas, Mark Pasanen, Julia Paridiso, and Aurora Lenz
Introduction. Many homeless individuals spend a large portion of their days standing or walking, placing particular importance on lower extremity health in this population. However, few studies have been performed to investigate the podiatric needs of this group.
Brandon Childs, Gary Gilmond, Hannah Lowe, Benjamin Jorgensen, Angelina Palombo, Chris Frenette, and Mark Fung
Introduction. Investigating motivational factors for blood donation is invaluable to understanding how to increase blood availability. Our study evaluates the perceived effect of competition as an intrinsic motivator for blood donation.
Alex Coffman, Grant Goodrich, Matthew Jordan, Erica Marden, Xiaofan Pan, Cornelia Willis, Emily Xue, Martha Richardson, and William Pendlebury
Introduction. The number of individuals living with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in the United States is growing annually; only 40% are properly diagnosed. Primary care providers should identify individuals with cognitive impairment and provide options for care; early diagnosis of dementia and AD helps patients and families plan for the future, increases quality of life, and allows for treatment options.
Betsy Davis, Jan Carney, Sean Bullis, Sarah Fieber, Chang-Wei Huang, Elizabeth May, Caitlin McFarland, Jacob Reynolds, and Katelyn Shea
Introduction. Our project studied the effectiveness of health care coordinators in a program known as Support and Services at Home (SASH). SASH has been designed to fill the needs of independent, home-bound elders who still need regular access to healthcare.
Angela Doswell, Laura Griesinger, David Hermel, Bharath Krishnamurthy, Josephine Stout, Daniel Stratz, Phildrich Teh, Elizabeth Valitchka, Jennifer Fink, and Cate Nicholas
Introduction. Over 20% of low-income, Head Start eligible children are not up to date on regular healthcare exams. While many barriers exist in ensuring universal access and compliance with standard healthcare visits for young children, we sought to educate children about physician’s practices in order to engage and integrate their involvement and understanding of their well-being.
Benjamin Earle, Sarah Johnson, Nishan Bingham, Sarah Rosner, Maya Son, Edith Klimoski, Courtney Schaad, and Andrea Green
Introduction. Human trafficking affects victims’ physical and psychological health. This study aimed to identify the barriers to access, disclosure, and identification in a healthcare setting for potential trafficked youth in Vermont.
Jeanne Gosselin, Jennifer Hanson, Sonam Kapadia, Matthew Lin, Brenton Nash, Luke Neill, and Christine Tran
Introduction. The ACA Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program recently cut reimbursement for 30 day readmissions. Risk-adjusted congestive heart failure (CHF) 30-day readmission rate at Fletcher Allen Health Care (FAHC) in 2012 approached 22.2% among Medicare patients.
Kelsey Preston, Daniel Haddad, William Thompson, Sarah Ebert, Kevin Saiki, Leslie Wenning, Stephen Balise, Janel Martir, Peter Jacobsen, and Jerry Larrabee
Introduction. Estimates show that 20% of HIV-positive individuals are unaware of their serostatus, in part due to limited access to testing services. Challenges of HIV testing within communities may be overcome by providing non-traditional avenues for testing and counseling, such as mobile HIV testing units. Such services have demonstrated success in increasing awareness of personal HIV status, and facilitating diagnosis and treatment.
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