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Introduction and Objectives: The provision of basic healthcare in the United States may be viewed considering two different, and sometimes combined, therapeutic approaches: •Allopathic/osteopathic medicine •Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) Our study is interested in the intersection of allopathic medicine and CAM. Evidence suggests that Americans are seeking CAM at a similar or even a higher rate than allopathic medicine, yet there seems to be a division between practitioners of each discipline. Isthis division created by a lack of coordination, such as an inadequately established referral system, or by a general lack of knowledge, or by the attitudes of the practitioners? In our study our objectives were: ? To assess the referral patterns between allopathic and CAM practitioners in Chittenden County. ? To examine the various factors that may influence these referral patterns using confidential surveys.


Helene Langevin, MD, University of Vermont College of Medicine

Mimi Reardon, MD, University of Vermont College of Medicine

Robert Davis, MS, L.Ac., Acupuncture Vermont

Margaret Eppstein, PhD, University of Vermont College of Medicine


University of Vermont College of Medicine Program in Integrative Medicine


Access to Health Services


Presented at the 137th APHA Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, November 9, 2009 as "Referral Patterns Between Allopathic Physicians & Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practitioners," by Daniel Gale, Shohei Ikoma, Quinn Meisinger, Caroline Moats, Jessica Sayre, Marvin Scott, Susan Varga, Mimi Reardon, MD, Robert Davis, MD, Helene Langevin, MD, Margaret Epstein, PhD, Philip Trabulsy, MD and Jan K. Carney, MD MPH.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License

Referral Patterns Between Allopathic Physicians and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practitioners