Date of Publication

Winter 1-25-2019



• Human Trafficking (HT) is a crime that involves exploiting a person for labor, services, or commercial sex.

• HT can happen in any industry, to persons of any gender, age, economic status, religion, and nationality.

• In FY 2018, service agencies in the State of Vermont submitted over 180 reports of HT.

• HT has a profound negative impact on survivors’ physical and mental health.

• 25-88% of HT victims interact with a healthcare professional while they are being exploited.

• Providers have cited a lack of confidence and knowledge on HT as a major barrier to proper care of potential victims, stemming from a lack of adequate training.

• There is a need to assess healthcare workers’ knowledge in recognizing and providing appropriate care and options to potential victims of HT.


• Assess awareness of University of Vermont Medical Center (UVMMC) and affiliated primary care staff and providers regarding the recent implementation of a UVMMC policy on providing support to victims of HT.

• Understand current behaviors of staff and providers when providing care to a patient suspected of being a victim of HT.


Mariah McNamara

UVM Larner College of Medicine

Edith Kilmoski

Give Way to Freedom


Give Way to Freedom


Access to Health Services, Disability and Health, Educational and Community-Based Programs, Health Communication and Health Information Technology, Health-Related Quality of Life & Well-Being, Substance Abuse, Global Health

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License

Training: Key in Recognizing Potential Trafficking Victims in a Healthcare Setting