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Introduction: Bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates are chemicals used in the production of many plastics, including food containers, water bottles, and medical intravenous tubing. These chemicals can leach from the plastic, especially when heated, and are found in varying concentrations in the human body. There is concern about the widespread exposure to BPA and phthalates since studies indicate they may cause adverse health effects, particularly related to endocrine development and regulation in young children.


Razelle Hoffman-Contois, MS, Vermont Department of Health

Charles Hulse, MD, PhD, University of Vermont College of Medicine

Jan Carney, MD, MPH, University of Vermont College of Medicine

William Bress, PhD, Vermont Department of Health


Vermont Department of Health Environmental Health Division


Environmental Health


Presented at 138th APHA Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, November 8, 2010 as "Bisphenol A and Phthalates: Public Knowledge and Risk Perception," by Emily Colgate, Marissa Bucci, Katie Casas, Holly Gunyan, Lincoln Heath, Matthew Hoffman, Ryan Smith, Razelle Hoffman-Contois, MS, William Bress, PhD, Thomas V. Delaney, PhD, Charles Hulse, MD PhD and Jan K. Carney, MD MPH.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License

Bisphenol A and Phthalates: Public Knowledge and Risk Perception