Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Educational Leadership and Policy Studies

First Advisor

Jill Tarule, Ed.D.

Second Advisor

Susan Hasazi, Ed.D.

Third Advisor

Gale Burford, Ph.D.


The concept of resiliency, or how young people thrive in the face of adversity, brings a positive focus to youth development research and has emerged as an important topic in the youth development field. Adversity, or risk factors, may be internally or externally generated, and may acute or chronic. Researchers often point to the balance of between risk factors and protective factors as the determining influences on a child's resiliency. If protective factors in the layers of a child's world (such as self, family, school, and community) outweigh the risk factors, then a child will be resilient. However, questions remain about why siblings who share the same family, school, and community, often respond differently to the same adversity. Though a child's temperament is often considered the answer, researchers also point to the fact that underlying relationship processes surrounding adversity play a role in how young people respond and how children in the same family may have different responses.



Number of Pages