Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Peter S. Dodds
Christopher M. Danforth
A sociotechnical system is a collection of humans and algorithms that interact under the partial supervision of a decentralized controller. These systems often display in- tricate dynamics and can be characterized by their unique emergent behavior. In this work, we describe, analyze, and model aspects of three distinct classes of sociotech- nical systems: financial markets, social media platforms, and elections. Though our work is diverse in subject matter content, it is unified though the study of evolution- and adaptation-driven change in social systems and the development of methods used to infer this change.
We first analyze evolutionary financial market microstructure dynamics in the context of an agent-based model (ABM). The ABM’s matching engine implements a frequent batch auction, a recently-developed type of price-discovery mechanism. We subject simple agents to evolutionary pressure using a variety of selection mech- anisms, demonstrating that quantile-based selection mechanisms are associated with lower market-wide volatility. We then evolve deep neural networks in the ABM and demonstrate that elite individuals are profitable in backtesting on real foreign ex- change data, even though their fitness had never been evaluated on any real financial data during evolution.
We then turn to the extraction of multi-timescale functional signals from large panels of timeseries generated by sociotechnical systems. We introduce the discrete shocklet transform (DST) and associated similarity search algorithm, the shocklet transform and ranking (STAR) algorithm, to accomplish this task. We empirically demonstrate the STAR algorithm’s invariance to quantitative functional parameteri- zation and provide use case examples. The STAR algorithm compares favorably with Twitter’s anomaly detection algorithm on a feature extraction task. We close by using STAR to automatically construct a narrative timeline of societally-significant events using a panel of Twitter word usage timeseries.
Finally, we model strategic interactions between the foreign intelligence service (Red team) of a country that is attempting to interfere with an election occurring in another country, and the domestic intelligence service of the country in which the election is taking place (Blue team). We derive subgame-perfect Nash equilibrium strategies for both Red and Blue and demonstrate the emergence of arms race inter- ference dynamics when either player has “all-or-nothing” attitudes about the result of the interference episode. We then confront our model with data from the 2016 U.S. presidential election contest, in which Russian military intelligence interfered. We demonstrate that our model captures the qualitative dynamics of this interference for most of the time under study
Number of Pages
Dewhurst, David Rushing, "Essays on modeling and analysis of dynamic sociotechnical systems" (2020). Graduate College Dissertations and Theses. 1197.