Date of Completion

2018

Document Type

Honors College Thesis

Department

Geology

Type of Thesis

Honors College

First Advisor

Julia Perdrial

Second Advisor

Joe Roman

Third Advisor

Mindy Morales-Williams

Keywords

Dissolved Organic Carbon, Nutrient Dynamics, Soil Processes, Acid Deposition, Ionic Strength, Sleepers River

Abstract

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and associated nutrients are of critical importance to natural biogeochemical cycling. In recent decades, increased amounts of DOC have been observed in Northern Hemisphere surface waters recovering from acid deposition. Such increases in DOC can have significant implications for the productivity of surface waters, yet the mechanisms controlling DOC release are yet to be understood. As soils are one of the primary sources of DOC in surface waters, this study attempts to identify mechanisms controlling DOC release from soils in the context of changing deposition chemistry.

Two experiments were designed to investigate two soil-related processes that can lead to the liberation of DOC and nutrients from riparian zone (RZ) and hillslope (HS) soils. First RZ soils collected from the Sleepers River USGS research station were used to conduct a flow through experiment using simulated sulfate impacted and non-impacted soils. In this experiment DOC solution was infiltrated to test the effect of competitive sorption between DOC and sulfate, however this effect could not be confirmed. In a second experiment, a batch approach was used to test the effect of pH and ionic strength (IS) on aggregate dispersion in both RZ and HS soils. Results reveal that IS, not pH, strongly controlled DOC release in all soils presumably by impacting soil aggregation. Release of DOC and P was similar for RZ vs. HS soils, however N release was significantly higher from RZ soils, indicating soil type and landscape position matter for nutrient release. Together these results indicate that changes in deposition IS more than pH or sulfate additions play a major role in the release of DOC and nutrients from soils at Sleepers River, likely due to the connection between IS and soil aggregate dispersion.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

Available for download on Sunday, June 30, 2019

Share

COinS