Date of Completion

2018

Document Type

Honors College Thesis

Department

Linguistics

Type of Thesis

Honors College, College of Arts and Science Honors

First Advisor

Julie Roberts

Second Advisor

Shelley L. Velleman

Keywords

Williams syndrome, phonological systematization, templates, language acquisition, reorganization

Abstract

This longitudinal study looks at the systematic phonological development of children with Williams syndrome during the first three years of life. Williams syndrome is a genetic condition that impairs both cognitive and language abilities in those affected. It is commonly researched by linguists and speech pathologists alike because its phenotype provides a unique example of the interaction between cognitive impairment and language development. In this case study, four children’s first words were examined through the transcription of 30-minute-long play sessions to gain a better understanding of how children with Williams syndrome acquire phonological patterns. These transcripts were then analyzed using a customized battery of routines created and calculated in the Phon acoustic analysis software. It was found that some of these children did appear to be using patterned structures or ‘templates’ (Vihman, 2016) to produce their initial words. However, idiosyncrasies of language acquisition also were present in the data, as it was also found that not all participants appeared to be using defined templatic structures when vocalizing early word forms. By discussing how these children were or were not evidencing phonological systematization, these case studies can be added to the current literature to further understand not only how phonology is acquired, but how linguistic skills emerge in children with Williams syndrome.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

Share

COinS