Date of Completion


Document Type

Honors College Thesis



Thesis Type

Honors College, College of Arts and Science Honors

First Advisor

Matthew Price

Second Advisor

Susan Fenstermacher

Third Advisor

Hyon Joo Yoo


Social Support, Gratitude, PTSD, Sexual Violence Trauma, Stigma, Guilt, Shame, Moderated Mediation.


Those who suffered from sexual trauma specifically have been documented to suffer more severe symptoms of depression, suicidal thoughts, PTSD, anxiety, etc. It is therefore considered to be one of the most damaging forms of trauma. This thesis describes the phenomenon in which the protective factors of social support and gratitude have diminished effects on PTSD symptoms from sexual assault trauma when compared to non-sexual assault trauma. These findings could pinpoint the aspect of sexual assault that leads to these recurring patterns in patients. The thesis will discuss the relevance of guilt and shame derived from the internalization of stigma with the findings of diminished protective effects. It is expected that guilt and shame should be focused on in-treatment models for victims of sexual assault with PTSD symptoms.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.