Date of Publication


Faculty Mentor

Caitlin Quinn


Objectives: Our objective in this study was to examine differences in risk of death from various external causes between the BIPOC community and individuals who identified as NHW.

Methods: 2015-2019 death certificate data accessible on the Vermont Electronic Data Registration System (EDRS) was analyzed and categorized by external causes of death. Decedent race/ethnicity was assigned as BIPOC or NHW according to the race/ethnicity listed on EDRS. Mortality rates were calculated using binary logistic regression and variable significance was calculated using multivariable logistic regression.

Results: There were varied external causes of death between BIPOC and NHW populations. The risk of external causes of death were 65.3% lower among BIPOC individuals who were married. The odds of death by external causes are 52.6% greater for individuals who did not graduate high school. Assault deaths constituted the largest proportion of BIPOC external causes of death.

Discussion: There was an increase in certain external causes of death affecting BIPOC Vermonters, even in a state of racial and ethnic homogeneity. This study’s results imply a need for increased health equity reform and the continued expansion of the Vermont Race Equity Task Force.

Document Type


Available for download on Wednesday, May 01, 2024

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