Date of Publication


Faculty Mentor

Dr. Benjamin Kalinkowitz



Objective: To determine the association between the frequency of family mealtimes and academic and behavioral outcomes in school aged children (3-17 years old) in the US.

Methods: Responses from the 2020 National Survey of Children’s Health (n=42,777) were utilized to determine exposures of family meals and age-appropriate academic and behavioral outcomes. Chi-square tests were used to determine the existence of association and binomial logistical regression used to determine the magnitude of the association.

Results: In initial analysis, age groups (3-5 and 6–17-year-olds) showed a statistically significant relationship between family mealtime frequency and outcomes (P<0.001 and P<0.001). Children aged 3-5 who experienced more frequent family meals were significantly more likely to have optimal outcomes when controlling for confounders (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.01, 1.04). Those 6-17-year-olds who experienced more frequent family meals were less likely to have ideal academic/behavioral outcomes when controlling for confounders (OR= 0.99, 95% CI = 0.99, 1.00).

Conclusion: Children aged 3-5 were more likely to show positive academic and behavioral outcomes with increased frequency of family mealtimes. Results for children aged 6-17 years were inconclusive.

Document Type


Available for download on Friday, May 09, 2025

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