Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is a plant native to North America and has recently become the focus of conservation programs as Milkweed is the sole food source for the Monarch butterfly larvae. Milkweed has long been a foe of agricultural operations and as a result populations have been on the decline throughout the United States. To increase the abundance and scale of conservation plantings of milkweed, the USDA Natural Resource and Conservation Service (NRCS) has developed an incentive program to compensate landowners for establishing perennial monarch habitat including planting milkweed. Landowners in northern Vermont have a unique opportunity to expand milkweed acreage by producing it as a crop. The silky fiber (floss) from the milkweed plant has a wide variety of oil/chemical absorbent and clothing applications. The floss has insulative properties similar to goose down, and because of its unique hollow fiber structure, floss is also incredibly light. Furthermore, the floss is equipped with a natural water-repellant waxy coating that allows it to be waterproof while absorbing hydrophobic liquids such as petroleum products. Producing milkweed as a crop will require farms to learn best techniques for cultivating milkweed versus the techniques they currently know which is to eliminate at first sight!
Vermont, University of Vermont, milkweed
Darby, Heather; Ziegler, Sara; Bruce, John; Gupta, Abha; and Ruhl, Lindsey, "Milkweed Production Trials - Combined Report" (2018). Northwest Crops & Soils Program. 335.