In 2020, the University of Vermont Extension’s Northwest Crop and Soils Program evaluated the performance of cool season annual forages planted in monoculture. In the Northeast, cool season perennial grasses dominate pastures and hay meadows that farmers rely on. Often times during the fall months, the perennial pasture will decline in yield and quality. The addition of cool season annual forages into the grazing system during this time may help improve the quality and quantity of forage and potentially extend the grazing season. With the range in species available, it is important to understand the yield potential, quality, and growth characteristics of each in order for farmers to find the best fit for their operation. We compared seventeen varieties of four annual species planted in monoculture to evaluate potential differences in forage yield and quality. While the information presented can begin to describe the yield and quality performance of these forages in this region, it is important to note that the data represent results from only one season and one location.


Vermont, University of Vermont, Annuals, Forages, Cool Season

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