David Kleijn, Animal Ecology
Rachael Winfree, Rutgers University–New Brunswick
Ignasi Bartomeus, CSIC- Estación Biológica de Doñana EBD
Luísa G. Carvalheiro, University of Leeds
Mickaël Henry, Abeilles et Environnement (AE)
Rufus Isaacs, Michigan State University
Alexandra Maria Klein, Universität Freiburg im Breisgau
Claire Kremen, Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management
Leithen K. M'Gonigle, Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management
Romina Rader, University of New England Australia
Taylor H. Ricketts, University of Vermont
Neal M. Williams, University of California, Davis
Nancy Lee Adamson
John S. Ascher, National University of Singapore
András Báldi, Institute of Ecology and Botany
Péter Batáry, Universität Göttingen
Faye Benjamin, Rutgers University–New Brunswick
Jacobus C. Biesmeijer, Naturalis Biodiversity Center
Eleanor J. Blitzer, Cornell University
Riccardo Bommarco, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
Mariëtte R. Brand, South African National Biodiversity Institute
Vincent Bretagnolle, Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé
Lindsey Button, Simon Fraser University
Daniel P. Cariveau, Rutgers University–New Brunswick
Rémy Chifflet, Plateforme Régionale D'Innovation Agriculture Biologique et Périurbaine Durable
Jonathan F. Colville, South African National Biodiversity Institute
Bryan N. Danforth, Cornell University
Elizabeth Elle, Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé
Michael P.D. Garratt, University of Reading
Felix Herzog, Agricultural Landscapes and Biodiversity Research Group
Andrea Holzschuh, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg

Document Type


Publication Date



There is compelling evidence that more diverse ecosystems deliver greater benefits to people, and these ecosystem services have become a key argument for biodiversity conservation. However, it is unclear how much biodiversity is needed to deliver ecosystem services in a cost-effective way. Here we show that, while the contribution of wild bees to crop production is significant, service delivery is restricted to a limited subset of all known bee species. Across crops, years and biogeographical regions, crop-visiting wild bee communities are dominated by a small number of common species, and threatened species are rarely observed on crops. Dominant crop pollinators persist under agricultural expansion and many are easily enhanced by simple conservation measures, suggesting that cost-effective management strategies to promote crop pollination should target a different set of species than management strategies to promote threatened bees. Conserving the biological diversity of bees therefore requires more than just ecosystem-service-based arguments.


Kleijn, D., Winfree, R., Bartomeus, I. et al. Correction: Corrigendum: Delivery of crop pollination services is an insufficient argument for wild pollinator conservation. Nat Commun 7, 10841 (2016).

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Link to Article at Publisher Website