Primary Faculty Mentor Name

Timothy Tourville

Project Collaborators

Timothy Tourville, Pam Vacek, Andy Borah, Mickey Krug, Rebecca Choquette, Bruce Beynnon

Status

Undergraduate

Student College

College of Nursing and Health Sciences

Program/Major

Exercise Science

Primary Research Category

Health Sciences

Presentation Title

The Effects of a Modified FIFA 11+ Warm-Up Protocol on Fitness Variables in Middle School Students

Time

1:00 PM

Location

Silver Maple Ballroom - Health Sciences

Abstract

Introduction:Lower extremity injuries, specifically anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are prevalent in adolescent sports. The FIFA 11+ injury-prevention program has been shown to decrease lower extremity injuries in several sports settings. There is limited literature regarding the effects of the FIFA 11+ on fitness variables, especially among middle school students. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate if a modified FIFA 11+ warm-up protocol has any effect on cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, and flexibility at two Vermont middle schools with different physical education class schedules.

Methods:Outcome data was obtained from the FitnessGram assessment, which all Vermont middle schools utilize to track youth fitness trends. The effects of the modified warm-up protocol on cardiovascular endurance (PACER test), muscular endurance (curl-up test), and flexibility (sit-and-reach) were analyzed using FitnessGram data from Williston Central School (WCS) and Shelburne Community School (SCS).

Results:Statistical analysis for WCS comparing data throughout the intervention year demonstrated a significant decrease in PACER score (p

Discussion:The results of this study indicate that utilization of a prolonged injury-prevention warm-up program in lieu of the warm-up traditionally completed at each middle school may have a deleterious effect on some performance-related outcomes. It is important to note that this is a small, retrospective investigation and is hypothesis-generating; however, a larger-scale randomized controlled trial should be performed to validate these findings. This information may be used to alter the modified FIFA 11+ warm-up protocol to be effective in both injury prevention and improving fitness among middle schoolers.

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The Effects of a Modified FIFA 11+ Warm-Up Protocol on Fitness Variables in Middle School Students

Introduction:Lower extremity injuries, specifically anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are prevalent in adolescent sports. The FIFA 11+ injury-prevention program has been shown to decrease lower extremity injuries in several sports settings. There is limited literature regarding the effects of the FIFA 11+ on fitness variables, especially among middle school students. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate if a modified FIFA 11+ warm-up protocol has any effect on cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, and flexibility at two Vermont middle schools with different physical education class schedules.

Methods:Outcome data was obtained from the FitnessGram assessment, which all Vermont middle schools utilize to track youth fitness trends. The effects of the modified warm-up protocol on cardiovascular endurance (PACER test), muscular endurance (curl-up test), and flexibility (sit-and-reach) were analyzed using FitnessGram data from Williston Central School (WCS) and Shelburne Community School (SCS).

Results:Statistical analysis for WCS comparing data throughout the intervention year demonstrated a significant decrease in PACER score (p

Discussion:The results of this study indicate that utilization of a prolonged injury-prevention warm-up program in lieu of the warm-up traditionally completed at each middle school may have a deleterious effect on some performance-related outcomes. It is important to note that this is a small, retrospective investigation and is hypothesis-generating; however, a larger-scale randomized controlled trial should be performed to validate these findings. This information may be used to alter the modified FIFA 11+ warm-up protocol to be effective in both injury prevention and improving fitness among middle schoolers.