An Investigation on Decentralized Wastewater Management Systems in Rural America: A Case Study on the Alabama Black Belt's Wastewater Infrastructure Crisis

Abstract

Wastewater infrastructure failure is the alarming reality for many rural communities in America who must rely on decentralized wastewater treatment systems to collect, treat, and disperse the liquid waste streams coming from their homes and businesses. Decentralized wastewater treatment systems (septic tanks) are highly prone to failure which poses a major threat to public health and negatively affects rural communities economically, socially, and environmentally. The recommended policy aims to resolve the wastewater infrastructure crisis by providing long-term maintenance and reliability for system functionality and promoting public policy with emphasis on the human right to public health, sanitation, and hygiene.

Primary Faculty Mentor Name

Dr. Matt Scarborough

Status

Graduate

Student College

College of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences

Second Student College

Graduate College

Program/Major

Civil Engineering

Second Program/Major

Environmental Engineering

Primary Research Category

Engineering & Physical Sciences

Secondary Research Category

Social Sciences

Abstract only.

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An Investigation on Decentralized Wastewater Management Systems in Rural America: A Case Study on the Alabama Black Belt's Wastewater Infrastructure Crisis

Wastewater infrastructure failure is the alarming reality for many rural communities in America who must rely on decentralized wastewater treatment systems to collect, treat, and disperse the liquid waste streams coming from their homes and businesses. Decentralized wastewater treatment systems (septic tanks) are highly prone to failure which poses a major threat to public health and negatively affects rural communities economically, socially, and environmentally. The recommended policy aims to resolve the wastewater infrastructure crisis by providing long-term maintenance and reliability for system functionality and promoting public policy with emphasis on the human right to public health, sanitation, and hygiene.