The heirloom wheat project began in 2007; its primary purpose is to evaluate 15 heirloom wheat varieties to determine if they will thrive in Vermont’s climate. Heirloom wheat can bring a premium because of its superior taste. Many farmers are interested in determining what heirlooms are viable for Vermont growing conditions. Through this project three Vermont heirloom varieties are being reintroduced into the state. Defiance, Champlain, and Surprise were developed by Vermont plant breeder Cyrus Pringle at the turn of the twentieth century. In addition to the heirloom varieties, AC Barrie and Scarlet, modern spring wheat varieties commonly grown in the Northeast, were planted as a comparison.
Vermont, University of Vermont
Darby, Heather; Cummings, Erica; Madden, Rosalie; Gervais, Amanda; Halteman, Philip; and Monahan, Susan, "Heirloom Wheat Variety Trial" (2010). Northwest Crops & Soils Program. 277.