Hemp is a non-psychoactive variety of cannabis sativa L. The crop is one of historical importance in the U.S. and reemerging in worldwide importance as manufacturers seek hemp as a renewable and sustainable resource for a wide variety of consumer and industrial products. The fiber has high tensile strength and can be used to create a variety of goods. Hemp consists of two types of fiber: bast and hurd. The bast fiber are the long fibers found in the bark of hemp stalks and are best suited for plastic bio-composites for vehicles, textiles, rope, insulation, and paper. The hurd fiber are short fibers found in the core of the stem and are suited for building materials, such as hempcrete and particle boards, bedding materials, and absorbents.
Vermont, University of Vermont
Darby, Heather; Gupta, Abha; Ruhl, Lindsey; Cummings, Erica; and Ziegler, Sara, "Industrial Hemp Fiber Planting Date Trial" (2017). Northwest Crops & Soils Program. 76.