Anna M. CorbalanShort-term Project
This project focuses on creating an educational resource specifically for adolescents and young adults regarding the anticipatory guidance for this age group. Although adolescence is generally a healthy time for most, many health or social problems will start or peak during this time. Therefore, it is a crucial time to incorporate preventive guidance and increase health literacy to avoid unhealthy chronic behaviors in adulthood.
Millen AbselabShort-term Project
This project for UVMMC Family Medicine at Hinesburg investigates the acute phase of depression treatment for adult patients and introduces opportunities for patient empowerment during this 4-to-6-week window through de-identified automated text surveys for self-reflection about treatment and pattern tracking contributory to mood. Sample text survey built on Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and deployment of text surveys is based on Mosio. Future interventions can utilize mobile phone apps based on patient response to surveys.
Dana I. AllisonShort-term Project
Stroke is currently the fifth leading cause of death and is recognized as one of the most expensive chronic diseases in the United States, generating 30 billion dollars annually in medical costs and lost earnings. In this exploratory research study, we examine patients’ knowledge of stroke features, associated risk factors to enhance communication, and educational practices of for primary care clinicians to enhance patient preparedness and stroke outcomes for patient populations with risk factors for stroke.
Niveditha BadrinarayananShort-term Project
Most of the clinician interactions in the homeless community has prioritized acute needs over chronic complaints like wounds. An inherent distrust of the healthcare system is also common in the homeless community due to lack of access to care, transportation, insurance, et. This project is aimed at encouraging preventative care in the homeless community with respect to wound care to reduce their concerns about unaddressed complaints and also decrease the burden on the providers during their healthcare visits.
Emily BennettShort-term Project
Patients are referred to mental health care by their primary care providers, but there is often a misunderstanding of what that process looks like. This project aimed to understand the referral process and create improvements that will help patients stay engaged to improve their mental wellbeing.
Jacob BernknopfShort-term Project
The goal of this project was to discover a commonality in why patients begin the MAT program. This will hopefully make it easier for future providers to help future patients articulate why they need to make the change in their life. This can be especially beneficial in patients dealing with concurrent stimulant or alcohol use.
The Preventative Health Care Shortage: A Look at the VT and CT Community Perspectives and Medical Student Interest
Brittany BotticelliShort-term Project
With the permission of Kenneth Palanza et al, we adapted and modified a previously generated survey that allowed us to better understand the motivations and barriers of medical students to enter primary care. The survey was dispersed to all medical students at LCOM as well as third and fourth year medical students at Ross University and American University of the Caribbean (AUC). We analyzed preliminary data from 100 respondents.
Matthew Charles Hill BrandtShort-term Project
Utilization of a poster in a primary care exam room advertising Physical Therapy Exercise Evaluations in an effort to help patients overcome barriers to exercising. The goal of the project is to capture people in the contemplative/preparatory stage of behavior change and help them reach the action and maintenance phases to improve health.
Michael BrownShort-term Project
PSA screening decision aid
Magalie CareyShort-term Project
Jordan CarverShort-term Project
The 21st Century Cures Act enacted new protocols in Spring 2021 requiring all patient notes and reports to be made available electronically as soon as they are finalized. In order to study the initial impact of this change on physician burden, a survey was sent out to Burlington, VT providers to assess impacts to their workflow.
Daniel CastroShort-term Project
The goal of this project is to improve diet and nutrition literacy in the community. Though Vermont ranks low in the US in terms of obesity, it is still estimated the 60% of Vermonters are either overweight or obese. This represents an area of need in terms of improving diet and nutrition education to combat obesity, the health issues it produces, and the subsequent strain on the medical system
Sandi CausShort-term Project
Refugees experience profound hardship in their home-country, displaced country and throughout the period of re-settlement. Experiences like direct or indirect exposure to traumatic events, torture, sexual abuse and stigmatized refugee identity post-resttlement are major risk factors for the development of mental health coniditions inlcuding PTSD, depression and psychosis. Despite major risk factors for the development of mental health conditions, culturally-specific mental health stigma persists as a major barrier to addressing mental health among refugees. This project emphasizes techniques and self-education that can be utilized to improve mentah health screening and identification among refugee patients in Vermont.
Anna B. ChambyShort-term Project
Primary and secondary prevention are vitally important mainstays of primary care. Every well visit at Newtown Primary Care involved some discussion of preventive health screening and services and relied on patient recall or EHR document search for last screening/intervention dates. We aimed to find ways to make use of wait times for in-office visits that could also potentially improve efficiency during patient encounters and help educate patients about preventive health measures.
Kelly J. ChanShort-term Project
Stroke is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability in the USA. Underlying conditions such as hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease predispose an individual to increased risk of stroke. In addition, the Covid-19 pandemic presents many challenges to these patients in terms of active health management and maintenance. A screening tool was developed to assess patient patterns of lifestyle behavioral changes measured by modifiable risk factors for stroke (medical condition management, diet, exercise, and smoking habits).
Sydney ChatfieldShort-term Project
Primary headaches are one of the most common and debilitating disorders experienced worldwide. Many people are unaware of the everyday triggers and continue to take over the counter medication with little to no relief. Primary care providers are often the first or only people patients will address the issue with, but are faced with time constraints and lack of resources. I created an educational pamphlet on common triggers and solutions for patients to begin to think about root causes of their headaches and implement lifestyle changes.
Improving Access to Meditation and Mindfulness for the Management of Anxiety, Stress, and other Chronic Diseases
Alex Cohen and Jesse NaumannShort-term Project
Chronic diseases can have an enormous burden on not only an individual’s quality of life, but their economic output as well. The challenge is that many patients with a chronic disease are not fully treated despite many different medications and doctor’s appointments. Mindfulness is an extremely beneficial tool that can be used as an adjunctive treatment for different chronic health diseases including anxiety, depression, insomnia, chronic pain, and many others. An enormous barrier is that many patients are unsure about what mindfulness truly is, and where one can go about accessing mindfulness resources. Our goal was to create a quick and easy smart phrase that providers can add to any after-visit summary that provides basic information about mindfulness, different resources to access free mindfulness meditations, and our own unique 8 minute mindfulness meditation for patients to try free of charge.
Kaileen CrudenShort-term Project
Cardiovascular Disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, causing about 1 in 4 deaths. Cardiac rehabilitation is often only suggested to patients AFTER a hospitalization for serious heart conditions such as heart attack or heart failure. Data demonstrates the decrease of a secondary cardiac event for individuals who were enrolled in cardiac rehab as well as an improvement in cardiac risk factors including: decrease in lipid levels and insulin resistance with increased smoking cessation and exercise tolerance. Levels of depression and anxiety also improved in this population. This leads us to ask: How can we take what has been proven to improve heart health and prevent secondary cardiac events to prevent primary cardiac events?
It's a Walk in the Park: The health benefits of exercising in nature and a beginner's guide to hiking in Connecticut
Elena DanskyShort-term Project
Walking Towards a Healthier Future: A Pocket Guide to Walking Routes in Colchester and the Health Benefits of Walking
Kevin DiBonaShort-term Project
The obesity epidemic is a complex problem necessitating a multifaceted long-term response. While there is no single solution to this decade-evolving issue, exercise remains one of the most important health interventions available. This project aims to serve as a resource for patients seeking to lose weight; outlining some of the walking routes local to Colchester Vermont, as well as the health benefits of a sustained exercise plan.
Kangaroo Care in the Community: Creating antenatal informational resources for providers and expectant parents
Emma DunneShort-term Project
Obstetric care providers at the Community Health Centers of Burlington create, implement, and coordinate resources to help support parents through pregnancy, delivery, and child rearing. The COVID-19 pandemic has altered the accessibility of existing resources, exacerbating the need for creative support of prenatal learning, breastfeeding, and postpartum socialization. Regular skin-to-skin contact between newborn infants and their parents is a low-cost, low-risk intervention with demonstrated benefits to breastfeeding, infant and parent physiology, emotional health, and bonding. This project aimed to establish antenatal informational resources for providers and expectant parents about the potential benefits of skin-to-skin care in the community setting.
Ahmed EldakrouryShort-term Project
Rational barriers contribute to resistance towards initiating, restarting or maintaining lifestyle/behavioral modification. Such barriers include lack of confidence in the proposed intervention(s), exaggerated perspectives, unsubstantiated beliefs and feelings of futility/hopelessness in the setting of past failures or relapse. Lifestyle and behavioral modification are core elements of preventative health and mental health—identifying and addressing erroneous thought processes, perspectives or beliefs that contribute to hesitancy may empower patients to trust the process and put an honest effort towards making those changes. Thus, a motivational pamphlet was created for patients with the goal of addressing hesitancy/resistance towards initiating or maintaining lifestyle/behavioral modification. The pamphlet attempts a different approach to motivational priming using mechanisms such as (1) informing and emphasizing the tangible changes in brain architecture that result from continued effortful thinking and reorientation, (2) surveying different demotivating thoughts while providing examples of cognitive techniques to reorient dissonant thought processes towards more rational and evidence based analyses. Additionally, the pamphlet attempts a discussion on relapse with the goal of restructuring the thoughts of defeat and hopelessness that impede progress and prevent effortful persistence. Future work should be targeted at evaluating the efficacy of this approach and fine tuning elements in the clinical motivational process.
Jenna A. ElkhouryShort-term Project
The primary care shortage is major problem that impacts people in rural and often low income communities. Our project seeks to address the primary care workforce shortage affecting the Vermont and Connecticut communities by better understanding current medical school student perspectives on primary care as a career of interest. Attractors and deterrents of primary care were highlighted through a survey distributed to all medical students at the Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont.
Alim EsemenliShort-term Project
Nutrition plays a crucial role in development of diseases that are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the Unites States. However, due to reasons such as time limitations, lack of clear guidelines, and what seems like a sense of hopelessness felt by providers and patients alike upon lack of results, discussions around nutrition may lack in frequency, consistency, and/or adequacy of duration, Research shows that flexibility of mindset, as well as achievability and sustainability of nutritional goals, play a key role in achieving success in weight This project proposes a three-page document that can potentially help primary care providers support and monitor nutritional behavioral changes determined by their patients.
Negar EsfandiariShort-term Project
Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States. There are three main types of skin cancer: Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma. While Melanoma is less common than Basal Cell and Squamous Cell Carcinoma, it has a higher mortality rate. If diagnosed in earlier stages, Melanoma has a significantly better prognosis and lower patient costs. Most skin cancers are diagnosed through skin biopsies. Vermont has one of the highest rates of skin cancer. The goal of this project was to develop a patient handout to bring patient awareness to skin cancer and describe the different types of skin biopsies (shave, punch and excisional), as well as Mohs surgery.
These projects were completed by students in the University of Vermont Family Medicine Clerkship. Block Clerkship Projects were completed during a five-week period, while Longitudinal Clerkship Projects were completed over the course of a 12-month longitudinal clerkship.
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