University of Vermont Extension began its heirloom spring wheat project in 2007 to determine whether heirloom varieties developed before 1950 could thrive in Vermont’s climate. Many consumers are interested in heirloom wheat as they feel it has better flavor, while many farmers are also interested in heirloom wheat varieties as they may have superior genetics that are better adapted to the challenging growing conditions in the Northeast. Several producers have asked questions about the best agronomic practices for cultivating heirloom wheat. It is unclear if heirloom wheat will require lower seeding rates as compared to modern day varieties. Seeding rates can influence weed populations and fertility needs, as well as overall yield and quality. This report compiles research results from 2014 and 2015 trials in order to identify heirloom spring wheat seeding rate trends over multiple years. These projects were funded through the UNFI Foundation that has set a priority to protect the biodiversity of our seed supply and the stewardship of genetic resources of organic seed.



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