In its inception, American higher education exclusively admitted White males, while all other identities were denied access. Currently, admission requirements no longer discriminate on the basis of religion, race, socioeconomic status, or other social markers. With an increase in diverse students comes institutional responsibility to establish safe, inclusive, and supportive collegiate environments. Theories of marginality, mattering, and Black feminist thought are explored as they relate to providing support services for undergraduate African American women at predominantly White institutions (PWIs).
Johnson, J. M. (2012). Mattering, Marginality, and Black Feminism: Moving to Empower Black Women. The Vermont Connection, 33(1). https://scholarworks.uvm.edu/tvc/vol33/iss1/10